Capstone Research Project

Welcome to the site.  My name is Anthony Crain and in the following pages I will be discussing the topics of Vegan, Veganic, Whole-Foods Plant-Based diets and associated environs that have an immense even mythic potential to ameliorate climate change and help to save our world.  The studies on the positive effects of gardens, fruit forest, forests, and other flora are becoming more and more substantial and the evidence points to multiple benefits from these environments.  Nutrients and antioxidants from plants, phytoncides and other ecosystem created chemicals, the pollution remediation and carbon sequestering ability all united would provide an ideal environment that would not only be healthiest for the United States, but also healthiest for our planet.  In the following pages will be descriptions of the components of a Restoration Eden movement with links to papers and websites associated with the presented ideas.  My Public Policy, Environmental Economics, and Anthropology papers on these topics can be found here @ https://ucriverside.academia.edu/anthonycrain

Vegan, Veganic, and Veganic Rawfood Diets…

The research I conducted during my academic career shows that vegan, veganic, veganic rawfood diets and associated environs reduce inflammation in the human body. These diets and environments are so effective at reducing inflammation that they can be used to treat and prevent almost every inflammatory disease from heart disease and cancer to diabetes and arthritis. Every major medical association and society in the United States has recently come out in support of vegan diets to prevent and treat their respected diseases. Even the UN has supported vegan diets showing that not only are vegan diets better for the human body they are better for the health of the planet as well. The following link is to a paper I wrote that highlights some of the many benefits associated with diets based on plants giving studies examining specific components of plant-based diets as preventers of disease. https://www.academia.edu/33470511/Some_of_the_Potential_Nutritional_and_Medical_Attributes_Of_a_Living_Flora_Building

Plants have an ancient history of medical benefit and the annual State of the World’s Plants report states that there are over 28,000 plants identified with medicinal value with only 16% of these scientifically tested.  But 3/4 of all cancer drugs stem from rainforest plants and 1/4 of all drugs are derived from plants.  Once vegan diets become more popular the study of plants and plant-based medicine will undoubtedly increase substantially and with it the potential for even further knowledge that could be applied to human longevity and health.  As the world transitions to a fully plant-based diets to avoid the very worst effects of climate change our collective and global health could very well see even further benefits that we are now not fully aware of. The following links are to a paper and study on plant-based diets as medicine https://www.academia.edu/38509175/Culture_and_Medicine_Research_Paper_For_Vegan_Diets https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2486444/

Phytoncide Forests and Other Ecosystem Created Chemicals

Studies mainly out of Japan where life expectancy is some of the highest in the world have shown that forests create chemicals called phytoncides, along with other ecosystem created chemicals, that reduce inflammation in the human body.  These ecosystem created chemcials also stimulate the immune system and even help the body create anti-cancer proteins.  It turns out the age-old wisdom of finding refreshment and rejuvenation in forests or “the country” now has scientific evidence to support it.  The scientific establishment in Japan has been studying this for about twenty years while the United States has recently started an organization called Forest Therapy.  In Japan they are now prescribing time in forests to prevent and treat inflammatory disease.  The evidence has been accumulating in the United States that show for every ten percent increase in urban tree canopy there were twelve to fifteen percent decreases in crime while community gardens had similar effects.  Simply turning a brownfield site into a park or community garden can reduce crime rates in surrounding neighborhoods do to the effects of these ecosystem created chemicals. News on this here @ https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-33368691

As we further our research on ecosystem created chemicals there is a wealth of potential to study the exact mechanisms that interact between, parks, gardens, forests environments and the human body.  In the future we may be able to prescribe different forest environments for different ailments once our study of these ecosystem created chemicals is more comprehensive.  If certain populations had higher incidences of a specific disease a number of urban forest trees, gardens, and accompanying biota could be planted that would help reduce the inflammatory affect. More news on this here @https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/12/well/take-a-walk-in-the-woods-doctors-orders.html

Edible Ecosystems, Food or Fruit Forests, and Forest Gardens

The idea is relatively simple, but the fruition grows to complexity. A seemingly cacophony of flora is actually a mutualistic relationship between flora that is a net positive for all involved. Rather than the industrial agriculture that we mainly know today that requires massive import and export of nutrients a Food Forest, Fruit Forest, Edible Ecosystem, Forest Garden takes care of itself with the help of ecosystem sustained biodiversity. In order to move to a flora, fungi based bio-economy these biodiversity sustained ecosystems are our best option to sequester carbon while minimizing environmental impact and mitigating the worst of global climate change. These edible ecosystems would negate the need for transport of both goods and agricultural inputs as their very nature is that of self sufficiency… More here @https://www.motherearthnews.com/organic-gardening/plant-an-edible-forest-garden-zmaz07aszgoe

The layers are apparent and approximate a kind of Eden

These can be grown in temperate, tropical, subtropical, and Mediterranean and even more arid climates although the type of fruit, legume, nut, and grain would differ. Their potential to mitigate climate change is apparent in their ability to sequester carbon and store it in the soil. Multiple cultures around the world practice this type of agriculture which has been deemed polyculture and permaculture. One of the most outstanding are the Kayapo of the Brazilian Amazon.  They have for generations, grown their fruit forests within the greater rainforest while respecting minimizing their impact on the greater forest.  Their forest paths are lined with fruit and nut trees because they carry small satchels with seeds of all their food plants and when they go number two they plant their forest foods along all their forest paths. If this policy is taken up in the United States we could make lush arid regions, replenish aquafers, and provide food security while reducing reliance on fossil fuels to mitigate climate change as mycelium, roots networks with trees would transport moisture where needed…

The idea is simple and policy for edible ecosystem, fruit forest, food forest, edible forest garden within all environments needs to be made our nation’s number one priority to provide nutrient rich, antioxidant rich veganic food, reduce inflammation with plant-based diets and ecosystem created phytoncide rich air, sequester carbon, and minimize carbon emissions. More info can be found @ the following website http://edibleforestgardens.com/

Arborsmithing and The FabTreeHab or Fabricated Tree Habitat…

The above image is a Ficus Benjamina hut in Okinawa, Japan which is an example of Arborsmithing .  The concept involves the weaving of tree’s trunks and branches into structural forms.  A more detailed explanation can be found here at http://www.arborsmith.com/.  There are a number of these structures growing around the world including Germany, India, the United States and of course Japan.  Each of these countries has an affinity towards trees and the natural world where they are integral parts of each culture and becoming more so.  As we learn and share botanical knowledge cross culturally we would acquire a more biodiverse, robust bio-economy. The future for these structures is promising…

A group from M.I.T. called Terreform 1 has an elaboration on the concept of Arborsmithing they call the FabTreeHab short for Fabricated Tree Habitat.  The FabTreeHab concept found here @ http://www.terreform.org/projects_habitat_fab.html includes a biodegradable home with a latticework that tree’s trunks and branches would be woven over where one could live in the biodegradable home while tree’s trunks and branches grew around it.  There would be pockets within the structure that could hold soil allowing one to grow food plants on the structure.  There would also be a living machine waste water treatment that would filter, and clean waste water using plants, bacteria, and fungi.  This would essentially approximate the ultimate in green architecture allowing the individual to reap the benefits of a locavore veganic diet with zero transportation costs.  One would also be exposed to more phytoncides and other ecosystem created chemicals that are so positive for human health.  So, there would be a synergy here where the positive attributes to health would multiply and compound potentially allowing for the least environmental impact and most health promoting environ. Further images, information and a potential evolution of these concepts can be found here @ https://livingflorabuildings.blogspot.com/